[57] The Carthusian horse, also known as the Carthusian-Andalusian and the Cartujano, is a sub-type of the Andalusian, rather than a distinct breed in itself. "[67] In 1831, horses at five years old were expected to be able to gallop, without changing pace, four or five leagues, about 12 to 15 miles (19 to 24 km). La lignée chartreuse est véritablement créée au début du XVIIIe siècle, lorsque deux frères espagnols, Andrés et Diego Zamora, ont acheté un étalon nommé El Soldado et lui ont présenté deux juments[4]. Order. Among the first horses used for classical dressage, they still compete in international competition in dressage today. Other animals of these bloodlines were absorbed into the main Andalusian breed; the stock given to the monks was bred into a special line, known as Zamoranos. ... Les Zamoranos fondés en 1770 dont la lignée aurait été cédée à la Cartuja à la fin du XVIIIème siècle. [43] In 2003, there were 75,389 horses registered in the stud book, and they constituted almost 66 percent of the horses in Spain. Remona GOM et Hondero II vous présentent GUAPO DU CORVAL, poulain de Pure Race Espagnole né le 29 mai 2016, plein papiers, dans la lignée d'Albero II … 27 avr. Esclavo est vendu à Don Pedro Picado, au Portugal[14], mais un groupe de juments qu'il a engendrées est remis aux moines Chartreux pour régler une dette, vers 1736. The Andalusian, also known as the Pure Spanish Horse or PRE (pura raza española[1]), is a horse breed from the Iberian Peninsula, where its ancestors have lived for thousands of years. [44] Historically, however, they were also used as stock horses, especially suited to working with Iberian bulls, known for their aggressive temperaments. The Andalusian has been recognized as a distinct breed since the 15th century, and its conformation has changed very little over the centuries. Le Chartreux pur est rare : environ 12 % des chevaux andalous enregistrés entre la fondation du stud-book, ou registre d'élevage (au XIXe siècle) et l'année 1998, sont des Chartreux. They are known for their intelligence, sensitivity and docility. Le stock initial de chevaux Chartreux est considérablement appauvri au cours de la guerre d'indépendance espagnole : un seul poulain issu d'un étalon Chartreux est récupéré dans l'élevage de Carrera[17]. Voir plus d'idées sur le thème pur-sang arabe, cheval, chevaux arabes. La croupe est ronde[12] ou inclinée[5], avec une queue attachée assez haut, portée relevée en mouvements[12]. The mane and tail are thick and long, but the legs do not have excess feathering. [26] These horses were a blend of Jennet and warmblood breeding, taller and more powerfully built than the original Jennet. [31] As early as the 15th century, the Spanish horse was widely distributed throughout the Mediterranean, and was known in northern European countries, despite being less common and more expensive there. Le front est large, les oreilles petites et les yeux sont grands et vifs[2],[12]. They made up only 3.6 percent of the overall breeding stock, but 14.2 percent of the stallions used for breeding. This was partially because increasing mechanization and changing needs within the military called for horses with more speed in cavalry charges as well as horses with more bulk for pulling gun carriages. 48 annonces de chevaux trouvées pour Chevaux PRE Pure Race Espagnole Bai à vendre.Consultez les annonces de Chevaux PRE Pure Race Espagnole Bai à vendre et achetez un cheval sur equirodi.com. Depuis 1990, le Haras national de La Fuente del Suero, créé près de la chartreuse de Jerez de la Frontera, préserve la lignée[31]. Andalusians have been present in films ranging from Gladiator to Interview with the Vampire, and Lara Croft Tomb Raider: The Cradle of Life to Braveheart. Targeted paid promotion on Facebook . [11], In Australasia, the Australasia Andalusian Association registers Andalusians (which the registry considers an interchangeable term for PRE), Australian Andalusians, and partbred Andalusians. : 04 67 04 41 75 This sequence is known as a "breeding up" program by the registry. En effet, la majorité des chevaux élus champion d'Espagne sont des Chartreux gris (souvent perçus comme blancs)[24]. There are around 8,500 animals in the United States, where the International Andalusian and Lusitano Horse Association (IALHA) registers around 700 new purebred foals every year. Un cheval à vendre ?Déposer votre annonce en quelques minutes × New Baby Products Pure Products Spanish Action Racing Animals Horse Farms Horses Pony. [35] The Conquistadors of the 16th century rode Spanish horses, particularly animals from Andalusia, and the modern Andalusian descended from similar bloodstock. Pour cette raison, le deuxième nom de cette race équine est Andalou. [47] The original stock of Carthusians was greatly depleted during the Peninsular Wars, and the strain might have become extinct if not for the efforts of the Zapata family. 44 juments chartreuses ont fait l'objet d'études d'hématologie, qui ont montré une variation importante de la composition du sang avec l'âge, en particulier après 13 ans[25]. L'encolure est gracieuse, musclée, légèrement arquée, bien proportionnée et solidement attachée à sa base[12]. The purebred Andalusian was not viewed favorably by breeders or the military, and their numbers decreased significantly. Une étude génétique menée en 2006 n'a pas permis d'identifier de différences d'ordre génétique entre les Chartreux et les autres chevaux de Pure race espagnole. [34] The Spanish horse peaked in popularity in Great Britain during the 17th century, when horses were freely imported from Spain and exchanged as gifts between royal families. Pure race espagnole (PRE) Pure race espagnole gris présenté à Valence sur le salon Fiecval, en avril 2013. In the past, Carthusians were given preference in breeding, leading to a large proportion of the Andalusian population claiming ancestry from a small number of horses and possibly limiting the breed's genetic variability. [49] Spanish horses have been used extensively in classical dressage in Germany since the 16th century. [15], A 2008 study found that Andalusians experience ischaemic (reduced blood flow) diseases of the small intestine at a rate significantly higher than other breeds; and stallions had higher numbers of inguinal hernias, with risk for occurrence 30 times greater than other breeds. Ce cheval athlétique est considéré comme très docile et tranquille[2],[12]. [14], The movement of Andalusian horses is extended, elevated, cadenced and harmonious, with a balance of roundness and forward movement. Les PRE non-Chartreux tendent vers des profils plus convexes[19]. [7] During the 19th and early 20th centuries, European breeders, especially the Germans, changed from an emphasis on Andalusian and Neapolitan horses (an emphasis that had been in place since the decline of chivalry), to an emphasis on the breeding of Thoroughbreds and warmbloods, further depleting the stock of Andalusians. [42] Bloodines in the United States also rely on imported stock, and all American Andalusians can be traced directly to the stud books in Portugal and Spain. SCHLEICH SKU: 400153 UPC: 4059433305455. Pure race espagnole Un article de Wikipédia, l'encyclopédie libre. [6] A 2001 study compared the kinematic characteristics of Andalusian, Arabian and Anglo-Arabian horses while moving at the trot. Due to these factors, Spanish stallions were crossed with local mares in many countries, adding Spanish bloodlines wherever they went, especially to other European breeds. Because they could read and write, and were thus able to maintain careful records, monastics were given the responsibility for horse breeding by certain members of the nobility, particularly in Spain. For example, the United States PRE association is affiliated with ANCCE, follows ANCCE rules, and has a wholly separate governance system from the IALHA. L’élevage RONCHAIL bouscule la hiérarchie du Championnat du monde 2011 du Pure Race Espagnole à Séville (SICAB), en entrant avec QUEMADOR.ER (étalon né à l’élevage) dans les 10 premiers (7ème) de la section reine des étalons de 7 ans et plus. Le Chartreux est, avec le Moyle et le « cheval-dragon » chinois, le seul cheval pouvant présenter des protubérances osseuses sur le chanfrein. Poids 350 kg à 550 kg . Les avant-bras sont bien marqués[20]. Le Chartreux est réputé plus « oriental » ou concave dans sa forme de tête[19]. De nombreux élevages espagnols se prévalent de détenir un cheptel d'origine chartreuse[30]. Un autre paramètre de variation importante de cette composition sanguine a été trouvé, il s'agit de la saison[26],[27]. Il semble que cette prédominance du gris résulte de l'utilisation de deux reproducteurs de cette robe durant la première moitié du XXe siècle[2]. The breed is also used extensively in movies, especially historical pictures and fantasy epics. This new registry claims that all of their registered horses trace back to the original stud book maintained by the Cria Caballar, which was a branch of the Spanish Ministry of Defense, for 100 years. Poulain né le 30 avril 2020, lignée de la mère OBCECADO, père NELSON de la Yeguada Militar. La plupart des Chartreux actuels sont des descendants d'Esclavo[2]. Cela a conduit à supposer que les Moyle américains proviendraient de Chartreux[33]. [37], Despite their ancient history, all living Andalusians trace to a small number of horses bred by religious orders in the 18th and 19th centuries. Le Chartreux (espagnol : Cartujano), parfois nommé Andalou-Cartujano, est une lignée prestigieuse du cheval de Pure race espagnole. Il est réputé pour la grâce de ses mouvements[12], la qualité de son pas et la cadence de son galop[20]. Price depending on your specific needs. [41] In the early 20th century, Spanish horse breeding began to focus on other breeds, particularly draft breeds, Arabians, Thoroughbreds and crosses between these breeds, as well as crosses between these breeds and the Andalusian. Breed numbers have been increasing during the 21st century. Considéré comme la plus pure et la plus prestigieuse souche du PRE, il possède l'un des registres d'élevage les plus anciens au monde[4],[5],[6],[7]. ZALAMERO XL est un splendide et grand étalon noir homozygote de Pure Race Espagnole (173 cm), puissant et avec du sang. [30], Spanish horses also were spread widely as a tool of diplomacy by the government of Spain, which granted both horses and export rights to favored citizens and to other royalty. D'autres animaux de ces lignées sont absorbés dans la principale race andalouse[5]. [19][20][21][22], Throughout history, the Iberian breeds have been influenced by many different peoples and cultures who occupied Spain, including the Celts, the Carthaginians, the Romans, various Germanic tribes and the Moors. At the same time, they also showed a lower incidence of large intestinal obstruction. Le garrot est assez bas[12]. Les autres PRE présentent plus souvent des couleurs de robe comme le bai[19]. There are several competing registries keeping records of horses designated as Andalusian or PRE, but they differ on their definition of the Andalusian and PRE, the purity of various strains of the breed, and the legalities of stud book ownership. Over its centuries of development, the Andalusian breed has been selected for athleticism and stamina. Présentation STAR . [7] The first Andalusians were imported into Australia in 1971, and in 1973 the Andalusian Horse Association of Australasia was formed for the registration of these Andalusians and their offspring. Il est également connu pour avoir porté « des verrues sous la queue » (en réalité, des mélanomes[13]), qu'il aurait transmises à sa descendance, tant et si bien que les éleveurs ont longtemps considéré la présence de ces verrues comme la preuve qu'un animal est bien descendant d'Esclavo[5]. Breeds with Andalusian ancestry include many of the warmbloods in Europe as well as western hemisphere breeds such as the Azteca. Il existait une dimension spirituelle dans cet élevage, ainsi que l'indique un écrit relatif à la perception du visage de Dieu dans l’œil d'un cheval[10]. La « Yeguada de la Cartuja » (haras des Chartreux), près de Jerez, détient plus de 700 animaux en 1700. [9] Other colors, such as buckskin, pearl, and cremello, are rare, but are recognized as allowed colors by registries for the breed. Il porte une abondante crinière et possède un excellent caractère[12]. Nouveau!! Le nom espagnol de la race, Cartujano, se traduit en français par « Chartreux » ou « Cheval des Chartreux »[1]. The Iberian horse was identified as a talented war horse as early as 450 BCE. Apparentée au Pure race espagnole (PRE) et au Lusitanien avec lesquels elle est souvent confondue, la lignée chartreuse descend d'un étalon gris du nom d'Esclavo, devenu la propriété des moines Chartreux d'Andalousie. [17] The Andalusian has also been used to create breeds more recently, with breed associations for both the Warlander (an Andalusian/Friesian cross) and the Spanish-Norman (an Andalusian/Percheron cross) being established in the 1990s.[53][54]. [17] Similarly, the Lusitano, a Portuguese horse very similar to the Andalusian, takes its name from Lusitania,[55] an ancient Roman name for Portugal. Le Pure race espagnole ou PRE (Pura Raza Española), également appelé andalou, est une race de cheval de selle de souche ancienne originaire d’Andalousie. Les chevaux Chartreux sont depuis toujours marqués au fer rouge[6]. [12] Horses with white socks on their feet were considered to have good or bad luck, depending on the leg or legs marked. Pure race espagnole gris au galop à Valence.jpg 1,012 × 826; 180 KB Pure race espagnole gris en longe à Valence.jpg 1,200 × 900; 159 KB Repro ur "Le Manége Moderne" - Livrustkammaren - 86575.tif 4,458 × 3,232; 82.51 MB En 1835, l’élevage du couvent est dissous et sa gestion revient à l'État espagnol, ainsi qu'à quelques éleveurs sélectionnés[8]. He also purchased additional war and riding horses through agents in Spain. [8] A common nickname for the Andalusian is the "Horse of Kings". During the 19th century, warfare, disease and crossbreeding reduced herd numbers dramatically, and despite some recovery in the late 19th century, the trend continued into the early 20th century. Of the remaining horses, approximately 15 percent are bay and 5 percent are black, dun or palomino or chestnut. 937 likes. Superbe poulain pure race espagnole noir. In the 17th century, referring to multi-kilometer races, Cavendish said, "They were so much faster than all other horses known at that time that none was ever seen to come close to them, even in the many remarkable races that were run. The always expensive Andalusian became even more so, and it was often impossible to find a member of the breed to purchase at any price. The second characteristic is the occasional presence of "horns", which are frontal bosses, possibly inherited from Asian ancestors. [8] The mares were descended from mares purchased by the Spanish king and placed at Aranjuez, one of the oldest horse breeding farms in Spain. Alberto Soldi (2014) donne une fourchette de 1,50 m à 1,57 m[12]. Andalusians tend to be docile, while remaining intelligent and sensitive. [28] The Iberian horse became known as the "royal horse of Europe" and was seen at many royal courts and riding academies, including those in Austria, Italy, France and Germany. Andalusians stallions and geldings average 15.1 1⁄2 hands (61.5 inches, 156 cm) at the withers and 512 kilograms (1,129 lb) in weight; mares average 15 1⁄2 hands (60.5 inches, 154 cm) and 412 kilograms (908 lb). The strain is still considered separate from the main breed however, and is preferred by breeders because buyers pay more for horses of Carthusian bloodlines. [63], As of August 2011[update], there is a lawsuit in progress to determine the legal holder of the PRE stud book. [46] One of the offspring of El Soldado, a dark gray colt named Esclavo, became the foundation sire of the Carthusian line. Ils ne représentent que 3,6 % de l'ensemble des reproducteurs, mais 14,2 % des étalons effectivement utilisés pour la reproduction. Il fait un excellent cheval de dressage et se montre apte à l'attelage. The court held that Spain must give permission to maintain a breed stud book (called a Libro Genealógico) to any international association or Spanish national association which requests it. Lara Croft Tomb Raider: The Cradle of Life, The Chronicles of Narnia: The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe, "Chapter AL: Andalusian/Lusitano Division", "Important Information About the PRE Horse", "The Origins of Iberian Horses Assessed via Mitochondrial DNA", "Mitochondrial DNA and the origins of the domestic horse", "Ancient DNA provides new insights into the origin of the Chinese domestic horse", "The Spanish Mustang: The Origin and Relationships of the Mustang, Barb, and Arabian Horse", "Pedigree analysis in the Andalusian horse: population structure, genetic variability and influence of the Carthusian strain", "Raza equino caballar pura raza española: Datos censales", "Iberian Horses Wow Crowds at IALHA National Championship Show in Fort Worth", "The AHAA Stud Book for the Pure Spanish Horse", International Andalusian & Lusitano Horse Association, The Foundation for the Pure Spanish Horse, National Association of Purebred Spanish Horse Breeders of Spain, People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Andalusian_horse&oldid=995223578, Articles containing Spanish-language text, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2011, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles containing potentially dated statements from August 2011, Articles containing potentially dated statements from March 2011, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Strongly built, compact, elegant, thick mane and tail, This page was last edited on 19 December 2020, at 22:01. [29] Even in Spain, quality horses were owned mainly by the wealthy. [31] The kings of France, including Louis XIII and Louis XIV, especially preferred the Spanish horse; the head groom to Henri IV, Salomon de la Broue, said in 1600, "Comparing the best horses, I give the Spanish horse first place for its perfection, because it is the most beautiful, noble, graceful and courageous". Son élevage est surtout concentré dans son berceau, l'Andalousie, autour de Jerez de la Frontera, Badajoz et Cordoue. Spanish custom also called for mounted troops to ride stallions, never mares or geldings. Le Pure Race Espagnole. In early 2009, the courts decided on behalf of UCCE, explaining that the Cria Caballar formed the Libro de Origin. [66], The Andalusian breed has over the centuries been consistently selected for athleticism. Ces moines exercent une forte influence sur l'activité d'élevage équin dans leur région[8], leurs chevaux sont longtemps considérés comme les meilleurs de l'Europe chrétienne[6]. La marque d'origine des moines Chartreux, représentant une cloche, est remplacée au XVIIIe siècle par une marque en forme de mors[6]. Le poulain pure race espagnole du Horse Club Schleich® est un cheval pommelé curieux de tout, au regard attentif et aux oreilles bien tendues. Les Chartreux ont été privilégiés dans l'élevage du Pure race espagnole, menant à une grande proportion d'ascendance depuis un petit nombre de chevaux reproducteurs, ce qui a peut-être limité la diversité génétique du PRE. [25] Andalusian stud farms for breeding were formed in the late 15th century in Carthusian monasteries in Jerez, Seville and Cazalla. They calculated a Fixation index (FST) based on genealogical information and concluded that the distinction between the two is not supported by genetic evidence. Cet étalon gris pommelé[12] est considéré comme le cheval parfait de l'époque[5]. Une étude réalisée en 2005 a comparé la distance génétique entre les chevaux Chartreux et les autres PRE. Ils ont calculé un indice de fixation (Fer) basé sur des informations généalogiques. [27] By the 15th century, the Andalusian had become a distinct breed, and was being used to influence the development of other breeds. La dernière modification de cette page a été faite le 14 janvier 2020 à 18:22. They were, and still are, known for their use in mounted bull fighting. En 1962, il sélectionne son plus bel étalon, Nico, pour représenter la marque Terry Centenario[34]. In addition, all breeding stock must undergo an evaluation process. Avant la création de la race, la lignée des cartujanos (ou “chartreux”) était déjà présente : ils ont été élevés et leur pureté a été conservée par des moines chartreux. Un émissaire du roi de Prusse offre 50 000 réals en 1803 pour l'achat d'un étalon né à Jerez[16]. Rekaman yang mengerikan telah mendorong banyak orang untuk bertanya bagaimana kuda yang telah menghasilkan begitu banyak uang untuk peternak dan pemiliknya akhirnya disembelih di rumah potong hewan atau pabrik pernak-pernik – dan mengapa ada begitu banyak kuda … Les moines font fructifier cet élevage, qui devient très célèbre dans toute l'Europe au XVIIIe siècle. Créé en 1476, son registre d'élevage est l'un des plus anciens du monde. [5] By the 16th century, during the reigns of Charles V (1500–1558) and Phillip II (1556–1581), Spanish horses were considered the finest in the world. Strongly built, and compact yet elegant, Andalusians have long, thick manes and tails. Ilusionado VII, étalon pure race espagnole au Haras du Grand Orme. There are tons of gift ideas on the internet. Poulain pure race Espagnole. Le Pure race espagnole ou PRE (Pura Raza Española) est une race de cheval de selle de souche ancienne, d'origine principalement andalouse. [38] During the 19th century, the Andalusian breed was threatened because many horses were stolen or requisitioned in wartime, including the War of the Oranges, the Peninsular War and the three Carlist Wars. Un éleveur du nom de Romualdo Carrera fait naître des chevaux réputés avant les guerres napoléoniennes[15]. However, it is easy to get confused if you do not have a particular gift in mind. The Extremeño name refers to Spanish horses from the Extremadura province of Spain and the Zapata or Zapatero name to horses that come from the Zapata family stud. D'après Maurizio Bongianni et l'étude de l'université d'Oklahoma (2007), il toise 1,54 m à 1,55 m en moyenne, soit 15,2 mains[2],[3]. Watch Video. Après quelques tentatives, la lignée Albero II devient prépondérante dans l’élevage Bligny. [58] Some sources state that the Andalusian and the Lusitano are genetically the same, differing only in the country of origin of individual horses. The ANCCE uses neither the term "Andalusian" nor "Iberian horse", and only registers horses that have certain recognized bloodlines. 20 mars 2019 - Découvrez le tableau "Cheval pur sang arabe" de Elatrache Brahim sur Pinterest. [8] The pure sub-type is rare, as only around 12 percent of the Andalusian horses registered between the founding of the stud book in the 19th century and 1998 were considered Carthusians. Ce « cheval blanc magnifique » participe fortement à la promotion de la marque[35]. Because it was formed by a government entity, it is against European Union law for the stud book to be transferred to a private entity, a law that was broken by the transfer of the book to ANCCE, which is a non-governmental organization. [40] Despite this change in focus, Andalusian breeding slowly recovered, and in 1869, the Seville Horse Fair (originally begun by the Romans), played host to between ten and twelve thousand Spanish horses. These numbers indicate that the Andalusian is a relatively rare breed in the United States. The ANCCE was founded in 1972. They share responsibility for the Purebred Iberian Horse (an Andalusian/Lusitano cross) with the Lusitano Association of Australasia. A horse with no white markings at all was considered to be ill-tempered and vice-ridden, while certain facial markings were considered representative of honesty, loyalty and endurance. Throughout the following centuries, the Zamoranos bloodlines were guarded by the Carthusian monks, to the point of defying royal orders to introduce outside blood from the Neapolitan horse and central European breeds. [39] In 1832, an epidemic seriously affected Spain's horse population, from which only one small herd survived in a stud at the monastery in Cartuja. Andalusians were found to overtrack less (the degree to which the hind foot lands ahead of the front hoof print) but also exhibit greater flexing of both fore and hind joints, movement consistent with the more elevated way of going typically found in this breed. [23] Some of the earliest written pedigrees in recorded European history were kept by Carthusian monks,[24] beginning in the 13th century. Interested? Ses capacités exceptionnelles à apprendre, ses aptitudes remarquables au dressage, son extraordinaire mental, son gros cœur, son respect et son attachement à l’homme font de lui un compagnon extraordinaire, affectueux et généreux. Measuring 36 feet (11 m) high, the statue currently stands in El Paso, Texas.[73]. Watch Video. [67], From the beginning of their history, Andalusians have been used for both riding and driving. Elle ne constitue pas un critère de reconnaissance de la lignée[5]. Cette lignée est élevée puis préservée par des moines Chartreux au moins depuis 1476[9]. The authors of the study theorized that these characteristics of the breed's trot may contribute to their success as a riding and dressage horse. By 1925, the Portuguese military expected horses to "cover 40 km over uneven terrain at a minimum speed of 10 km/h, and to gallop a flat course of 8 km at a minimum speed of 800 metres per minute carrying a weight of at least 70 kg", and the Spanish military had similar standards. PRE Pure Race Espagnole PP 12 ans. For sellers. [5][7], There are two additional characteristics unique to the Carthusian strain, believed to trace back to the strain's foundation stallion Esclavo. A third cross, also known by the registry as an Australian Andalusian, is when a second cross individual is mated with a foundation Andalusian mare. L'étude de CAB International (2016) relève une taille moyenne de 1,57 m[13]. They thus influenced many German breeds, including the Hanoverian, Holstein, East Friesian and Oldenburg. L'utilisation d'un cheval de la lignée par le négociant en vins Thomas Terry a popularisé le nom de « lignée Terry » pour désigner les chevaux Chartreux[14]. Les juments descendaient de chevaux achetés par le roi d'Espagne et avaient été placées à Aranjuez, l'un des plus anciens haras d'Espagne[5]. [56] The Portuguese name refers to what is now the Lusitano, while the Peninsular, Iberian Saddle Horse and Iberian War Horse names refer to horses from the Iberian Peninsula as a whole. [10][11], In the early history of the breed, certain white markings and whorls were considered to be indicators of character and good or bad luck. De très nombreux exemples de phrases traduites contenant "lignée pure" – Dictionnaire espagnol-français et moteur de recherche de traductions espagnoles. However, there are slight physical differences; Carthusians have more "oriental" or concave head shapes and are more often gray in color, while non-Carthusians tend toward convex profiles and more often exhibit other coat colors such as bay. [17] By 1500, Spanish horses were established in studs on Santo Domingo, and Spanish horses made their way into the ancestry of many breeds founded in North and South America.